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Medical References

  1. Incidence of Breast Carcinoma-Related Lymphedema (Cancer Supplement 12/15/1998, vol.83,#12 pp 2776-2781)
  2. Preoperative Assessment Enables Early Diagnosis and Successful Treatment of LE, [Cancer, June 15, 2008, Volume 112, Number 12]
  3. Lymphedema: Knowledge, Treatment, Impact. The Breast Journal, Vol 6, #6, 2000
  4. Lymphedema of the Arm and Breast in Irradiated Breast Cancer Patients: Risks in an Era of Dramatically Changing Axillary Surgery, (The Breast Journal, Vol 10, #5, 2004,pp.405-411)
  5. Lymphedema Secondary to Postmastectomy Radiation: Incidence and Risk Factors (Annuals of Surgical Oncology, 11(6)573-580,2004)
  6. Breast Radiotherapy and Lymphedema, (Presented in Part at the American Cancer Society Workshop, New York, New York, February 20-22, (1998)
  7. Sentinel Biopsy and Axillary Dissection: Added Morbidity of the Arm, Shoulder and Chest Wall after Mastectomy and Reconstruction, (The Cancer Journal, vol. 14, #4, July/August 2008)
  8. Lymphedema: Management in Era of Sentinel Node Biopsy, Oncology Times, 26 (4):12-17, 2/24/2004
  9. Breast Lymphedema after Breast Conserving Treatment,  (Acta Oncologica Vol.43, #6, pp.551-557, 2004) 
  10. Lymphedema Awareness Vol. 10, no.3, 2002 
  11. Prevalence and risk factors for development of lymphedema following breast cancer treatment. Indian J Cancer 2004;41:8-12,Deo SV, Ray S, Rath GK, Shukla NK, Kar M, Asthana S, Raina V. 
  12. Axillary web syndrome after axillary dissection, Moskovitz AH, Anderson BO, Yeung RS, Byrd DR, Lawton TJ, Moe RE. (2001)
  13. Physical Therapy Treatment of Axillary Web Syndrome, Rehabilitation Oncology, 2004 by Kepics, Jane M
  14. Motion restriction and axillary web syndrome after sentinel node biopsy and axillary clearance in breast cancer, Marjut Leidenius, M.D., Ph.D., Esa Leppa¨nen, M.D.b, Leena Krogerus, M.D., Ph.D. (2001)
  15. Axillary Web Syndrome: Practical Implications, Laura Ferreira Rezende, PT, MScRicardo Laier Franco, MDMaria Salete Costa Gurgel, MD, PhD, University of Campinas, Gynecology and Obstetric, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil (2008)
  16. Barriers to rehabilitation following surgery for primary breast cancer, Andrea L. Cheville, MD, MSCE, Julia Tchou, MD  (2007)
  17. International Consensus: Best Practice for the Management of Lymphoedema, Lymphoedema Framework, An International Perspective (2006)
  18. Radiation-Induced Brachial Plexopathy, Robert J Kaplan, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Kansas School of Medicine and Medical Center (2006)
  19. Lymphedema: Knowledge,Treatment, and Impact Among Breast Cancer Survivors, Electra D. Paskett, PhD and Nancy Stark, RN, PhD (2008)
  20. Lymphedema and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Survivors: The Iowa Women's Health Study Rehana L. Ahmed, Anna Prizment, DeAnn Lazovich, Kathryn H. Schmitz, and Aaron R. Folsom (2008)
  21. Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema: Attention to a Significant Problem Resulting From Cancer Diagnosis, Electra D. Paskett, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (2008)
  22. Prevalence of Lymphedema in Women With Breast Cancer 5 Years After Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy or Axillary Dissection: Objective Measurements, Sarah A. McLaughlin, Mary J. Wright, Katherine T. Morris, Gladys L. Giron, Michelle R. Sampson, Julia P. Brockway, Karen E. Hurley, Elyn R. Riedel, Kimberly J. Van Zee (2008)
  23. Prevalence of Lymphedema in Women With Breast Cancer 5 Years After Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy or Axillary Dissection: Patient Perceptions and Precautionary Behaviors, Sarah A. McLaughlin, Mary J. Wright, Katherine T. Morris, Michelle R. Sampson, Julia P. Brockway, Karen E. Hurley, Elyn R. Riedel, Kimberly J. Van Zee Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vol. 26, No. 32 (November 10), 2008:  pp. 5220-5226.
  24. Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema – What Are the Significant Predictors and How They Affect the Severity of Lymphedema? Atilla Soran MD, MPH,Gina D'Angelo PhD, Mirsada Begovic MD, PhD, Figen Ardic MD, Ali Harlak MD, H. Samuel Wieand PhD, Victor G. Vogel MD, MHS, Ronald R. Johnson, MD (2006)
  25. A case of axillary web syndrome with subcutaneous nodules following axillary surgery, Michael Reedijk, Scott Boerner, Danny Ghazarian, David McCready (2006)
  26. Secondary lymphedema and breast cancer, Rehabilitation Oncology, 2001 by Struble, Danielle C
  27. Breast Cancer Survivors' Intentions of Managing Lymphedema, Mei R. Fu, PhD, RN, CNS (2005)
  28. Age Differences in Post-Breast Cancer Lymphedema Signs and Symptoms. ARTICLES Cancer Nursing. 28(3):200-207, May/June 2005. Armer, Jane PhD, RN; Fu, Mei R. PhD, RN
  29. Lymphedema initiated by aircraft flights.  Casley-Smith JR, Casley-Smith JR.  Henry Thomas Laboratory, University of Adelaide, S.A., Australia. (1996)
  30. Precipitating factors in lymphedema : Myths and realities, Author, ROCKSON S. G (2008)
  31. Breast-Cancer-Related Lymphedema: Information, Symptoms, and Risk-Reduction BehaviorsAuthors: Fu, Mei R.; Axelrod, Deborah; Haber, Judith, Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Volume 40, Number 4, December 2008 , pp. 341-348(8)
  32. Predicting breast cancer-related lymphedema using self-reported symptoms. Jane M Armer, M Elise Radina, Davina Porock, Scott D Culbertson (2003)
  33. The problem of post-breast cancer lymphedema: impact and measurement issues. Armer JM. (2005)
  34. Post-breast cancer lymphedema: understanding women's knowledge of their condition. Radina ME, Armer JM, Culbertson SD, Dusold JM. (2004)
  35. Complications of Breast-cancer Radiotherapy, E. Senkus-Konefka, and J. Jassem (2005)
  36. Prevention and Management of Arm Lymphedema in the Patient With Breast Cancer
    Mehra Golshan, MD, and Barbara Smith, MD, PhD, Presented at the 2005 Chicago Supportive Oncology Conference
  37. Women at Work with Breast Cancer-related Lympheodema. Fu, M.R. (2008). Journal of Lymphedema, 3(1), 30-36.
  38. Lymphedema: A primer on the identification and management of a chronic condition in oncologic treatment, [CA Cancer J Clin 2009;59;8-24] written by Brian D. Lawenda, Tammy E. Mondry and Peter A. S. Johnston
  39. Axillary web syndrome after axillary dissection, Alexander H. Moskovitz, M.D.a, Benjamin O. Anderson, M.D.a, Raymond S. Yeung, M.D., David R. Byrd, M.D.a, Thomas J. Lawton, M.D.b, Roger E. Moe, M.D., Department of Surgery, Surgical Oncology Section, Bio-Clinical Breast Care Program, University of Washington, Box 356410, 1959 NE Pacific
  40. Josenhans E. Physiotherapeutic treatment for axillary cord formation following breast cancer surgery. Pt_Zeitschrift für Physiotherapeuten. 2007; 59 (9): 868 - 878. English translation available at
  41. Recent Advances in Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema of the Arm: Lymphatic Pump Failure and Predisposing Factors, Anthony W.B. Stanton, Stephanie Modi, Russell H. Mellor, J. Rodney Levick, Peter S. Mortimer. Lymphatic Research and Biology. March 2009, 7(1): 29-45. doi:10.1089/lrb.2008.1026.
  42. A contemporary, population-based study of lymphedema risk factors in older women with breast cancer.
  43. The Effect of Providing Information about Lymphedema on the Cognitive and Symptom Outcomes of Breast Cancer Survivors. College of Nursing, New York University, New York, NY, USA, Ann Surg Oncol. 2010 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 20140528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] Fu, M.R., Chen, C., Haber, J., Guth, A. & Axelrod, D. (2010). The Effect of Providing Information about Lymphedema on the Cognitive and Symptom Outcomes of Breast Cancer Survivors. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 17(7), 1847-53. Epub 2010 Feb 6.PMID: 20140528. DOI 10.1245/s10434-010-0941-3
  44. Diagnosing breast cancer related lymphedema in the Arm Anthony Stanton, Stephanie Modi, Russell Mellor, Rodney Levick, Peter Mortimer, J Lymphoedema, 2006, Vol 1, No 1 P.17
  45. 30-MONTH POST-BREAST CANCER TREATMENT LYMPHOEDEMA, Armer JM, Stewart BR, Shook RP. J Lymphoedema. 2009 Apr 1;4(1):14-18



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